Root rot is a common problem that can affect a variety of plants, and it is caused by a number of fungi that thrive in moist, poorly-draining soil. If left untreated, root rot can be lethal to plants, as the infected roots are unable to absorb water and nutrients from the soil.
If you suspect that your plant may be suffering from root rot, there are several steps you can take to try to cure it:
Remove the plant from its pot and examine the roots: The first step in curing root rot is to identify the extent of the damage. Gently remove the plant from its pot and examine the roots. Healthy roots will be white or pale in color and firm to the touch, while infected roots will be dark, soft, and slimy. Prune away any infected roots, being careful not to damage any healthy ones.
Repot the plant in fresh, sterile soil: Once you have removed the infected roots, repot the plant in fresh, sterile soil. Be sure to use a pot with proper drainage to prevent the soil from staying too moist.
Improve the drainage of the soil: Improving the drainage of the soil can help to prevent future root rot problems. This can be done by adding perlite or sand to the soil mix to improve aeration, or by using a pot with proper drainage holes to allow excess water to drain away.
Provide the plant with proper care: Proper care is essential in preventing root rot. Water the plant only when the soil is dry to the touch, and avoid over-watering or letting the soil stay too moist. Provide the plant with adequate light and fertilize it according to the specific needs of the plant.
While it is not always possible to save a plant that is severely infected with root rot, following these steps can help to improve the chances of survival and prevent future root rot problems. If the plant is not showing signs of recovery after a few weeks, it may be necessary to consider replacing it.